Metrics Book description People of European descent form the bulk of the population in most of the temperate zones of the world - North America, Australia and New Zealand. The military successes of European imperialism are easy to explain; in many cases they were a matter of firearms against spears.
Though at first it seemed the colonists would not survive the harsh conditions of the New Worldultimately it was the natives who could not survive the diseases of the Old World.
Determined to farm in a European manner, the colonists introduced their domesticated livestock—honeybees, pigs, horses, mules, sheep, and cattle—and their domesticated plants, including wheat, barley, rye, oats, grasses, and grapevines. But the colonists also inadvertently carried pathogens, weeds, and rats.
The first major smallpox outbreak among natives was between and in Massachusetts. Native Americans had never seen a disease like this, and it literally wiped out entire tribes, such as the Abenakithe Pawtucketand the Wampanoag.
|The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 - 1900||Lucked out, though it took 3. Magellan killed in Phillipines, Elcado commands voyage home.|
|Sorry! Something went wrong!||Contents[ edit ] Crosby begins by pointing out that the populations of what he calls the "Neo-Europes" of temperate zones are primarily composed of European descendants. He asks why there are such large concentrations of Europeans in these lands which are so distant from Europe.|
|Ecological imperialism - Oxford Reference||Notwithstanding the Europeans' superior weaponry and Horsesit is believed[ by whom? Though at first it seemed the colonists would not survive the harsh conditions of the New Worldultimately it was the natives who could not survive the diseases of the Old World.|
The Europeans could and did colonize virtually unchallenged in some areas. William Bradford, governor of the Plymouth Colony, observed that: Then being very sore, what with cold and other distempers, they dye like rotten sheep.
Fur trade[ edit ] The fur trade was as detrimental to the survival of native people as it was imperative to the success of settlers due the high European demand.
Trappers employed natives because of their knowledge of the terrain and wildlife, putting natives with no immunity to European diseases into close contact with Europeans. The fur trade also upset the ecological balance of North America. The fur traders had miscalculated.
As predators, they had failed to adapt to their prey, and their prey, in turn, retaliated with denial. His numbers merely shrank. The Expansion of Europeby Alfred Crosby[ edit ].Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, (Studies in Environment and History) [Alfred W.
Crosby] on feelthefish.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. People of European descent form the bulk of the population in most of the temperate zones of the world--North America4/5(43). Now in a new edition with a new preface, Crosby revisits his classic work and again evaluates the ecological reasons for European expansion.
Crosby is the author of the widely popular and ground-breaking books,The Measure of Reality (Cambridge, ), and America's Forgotten Pandemic (Cambridge, ).4/5(6).
ecological imperialism Quick Reference A theory conceived by Alfred Crosby in his book Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, –, which proposes that colonization was not only a form of cultural and political tyranny, it was also a form of environmental terrorism.
Crosby consciously and somewhat arbitrarily chooses the domestication of the horse (5, years ago) as the date by which the Old World Neolithinc Revolution had been completed in its original lands.
He then calls the next 4, years of civilized development relatively unimportant. The history of the world is about the study of the cultural achievements of the entire human race.
This includes the time from prehistory to the end of the 20th century and excludes natural history before the development of human beings. Alfred Crosby, "Pangaea Revisited," from Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, I. IT IS NECESSARY TO BEGIN at the beginning in .