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He was first formed as an icon painter in Byzantine tradition; then moved to Venice to become a painter of the Venetian School. InEl Greco moved to Rome, adapting his style again.
Indeed, in the tense Counter-reformation, the piece did not meet ecclesiastic requirements, for the Martyrdom of Saint Maurice is not the central, focal aspect depicted in the painting.
After this, El Greco moved to Toledo, where he remained until his death in This destination was important in forging his art, as well as the religious history that was going on then. At the time, Europe was in a state of religious upheaval. Luther prompted the church to analyse its internal issues, for example the selling of indulgences.
The Council of Trent issued decrees, which were new rules applied to all aspects of religion, including the use of religious art, and rectified its establishment through better education. This involved following the decrees finely, as well as starting a vigorous program to spiritually educate church and lay members.
The Church elected the religious order of the Jesuits to take on this educational role through the establishment and funding of seminaries religious schools.
The Jesuit order was started by Ignatius Loyola inwho was said to have experienced a religious awakening causing him to change his life path, converting in The Jesuits were already very implicated with education, having established many universities and colleges under their name, which conducted the Catholic Church to turn to them at this point, as educational missionaries.
By reflecting on the Nature of Jesus Christ and his suffering you could learn to suffer like him, as well as be like him, and follow the Lord.
Each visual contemplation has the same structure, focusing on the Story of the painting, then how it is visually represented, and how these can help one feel the depicted martyrdom.
Indeed, Loyola put great emphasis on images as a means to stimulate the imagination and spirituality. This imagery was already a very important element of Catholicism before the Counter Reformation, and happened to be one of the areas criticised by the protestant uprising, therefore resulting in the Council of Trent addressing this issue and imposing regulations on Imagery.
This extract of decree 25 is specifically on the use and making of religious images: It also states that it should not have a confusing composition, relating to making art which is no longer narrative. Going against the Renaissance practice of religious art: Further, each piece produced was from then required to obtain a license from a high member of the church before being hung anywhere.
Altogether, the decrees issued at the Council of Trent regarding art can easily be summarized in terms of their main points of criticism, which were: This all means art then had to be a usable as a means of spiritual education and uplift, rather than just good looking pictures, often showing nudity, like the Sistine Chapel.El Greco’s idea of Christ Carrying the Cross was a remarkable departure from the norm in Spain, where an emphasis on his suffering is found throughout the s and s, in paintings, polychromed wooden sculpture, religious processions, and spiritual literature.
Thus, El Greco's image of Christ bearing the Cross, extravagant as it might be for modern taste in its honeyed, comfortably pious, and dramatized sentimentality, must have had a totally different effect on those of El Greco's contemporaries in Toledo then so influenced by Levitical and Jesuit thought for whom this icon was made.
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El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) and Workshop, Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. –87, oil on canvas; El Greco, View of Toledo, ca. , oil on canvas; El Greco, The Adoration of the Shepherds, ca. , oil on canvas. El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) and Workshop, Christ Carrying the Cross, ca.
–87, oil on canvas; El Greco, View of Toledo, ca. , oil on canvas; El Greco, The Adoration of the Shepherds, ca. , oil on canvas. Christ carrying the cross el greco essay the passionate shepherd to his love essays care oriented feminist ethics essay single mothers persuasive essay early marriage research paper pdf essay on ancient culture vs modern culture brand concern for police officer safety essays essay on tess of the durbervilles.
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