Both are concerned with the practical science of human happiness in which we study what happiness is, what activities it consists in, and how to become happy.
His name means 'the best purpose'. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist who offered many profound views and theories. Aristotle is said to have written about many of his theories in philosophical treatises, 30 of which survived.
His father was a doctor called Nicomachus, he was King Amyntas of Macedon's personal physician and friend. We know little about Aristotle's childhood.
Aristotle moved to Athens when he was approximately 18 years old to study at Plato's Academy. He was educated at the academy for twenty years. The institution was founded by Plato, a mathematician and philosopher in Classical Greece, it is also known as the Platonic Academy.
He was accompanied by Theophrastus to the Greek island of Lesbos where they studied zoology and botany. Aristotle married a Greek biologist known as Pythias the Elder, she was the adoptive daughter of Hermias of Atarneus. They had a daughter together whom they named Pythias.
Aristotle became the head of the royal academy of Macedon, an ancient kingdom of Classical Greece. He also taught two other future kings called Ptomlemy and Cassander. In BC, he returned to Athens to establish his own school known as the Lyceum.
He taught at the school for twelve years. Whilst Aristotle was teaching at the Lyceum School, his wife Pythias died. After her death, he began a relationship with Herpyllis of Stagira. They had a son together whom they named after Aristotle's father, Nicomachus.
During his time at the Lyceum School in Athens, Aristotle studied many different subjects including physics and zoology, anatomy, embryology, geology, geography, astronomy, meteorology, literature, poetry. He contributed greatly towards many of these subjects, offering his theories and opinions on aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, ethics, economics, government, psychology, rhetoric and theology.
He wrote numerous philosophical treatises, some of which survived. Some of his works are believed to be lecture notes for his students. The most significant and important philosophical treatises written by Aristotle include Physics, Metaphysics, Politics, De Anima: On the Soul, Nicomachean Ethics and Poetics.
Following the death of Alexander the Great, Aristotle was denounced by Eurymedon the Hierophant, the representative of Demetra of Eleusis, for not honoring the gods.
It wasn't until the Middle Ages that scholars rediscovered and became interested in his work and findings. He believed that the universe was eternal, that there was neither a beginning nor an end.
He accepted that things can change; however, he fundamentally believed that the overall conditions would always remain the same. He studied zoology very closely and through careful observation, he was able to produce his findings.
His work in zoology contained some errors, however, much of what he reported was incredibly accurate.
His careful study of animals enabled him to classify them into different groups and species. Although, much more developed today, he was able to split the animals into two major groups: His findings correspond closely with the distinctions later recognized between vertebrates and invertebrate animals.
The following quote by Aristotle offers his opinion and theory on the Earth and the changes which he observed and predicted: And so the relation of land to sea changes too and a place does not always remain land or sea throughout all time, but where there was dry land there comes to be sea, and where there is now sea, there one day comes to be dry land.
But we must suppose these changes to follow some order and cycle. The principle and cause of these changes is that the interior of the earth grows and decays, like the bodies of plants and animals But the whole vital process of the earth takes place so gradually and in periods of time which are so immense compared with the length of our life, that these changes are not observed, and before their course can be recorded from beginning to end whole nations perish and are destroyed.
He studied the science of the Earth and the weather, and wrote about his findings in a Meteorology treatise. He managed to work out the hydrologic cycle.Aristotle and education. We only have scraps of his work, but his influence on educational thinking has been of fundamental importance.
Aristotle ( – BC). Aristotle’s work was wide-ranging – yet our knowledge of him is necessarily fragmented. Read Theodore Feder’s article “Solomon, Socrates and Aristotle” as it originally appeared in Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October The article .
Ancient Greek Philosophy. From Thales, who is often considered the first Western philosopher, to the Stoics and Skeptics, ancient Greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the Western intellectual tradition. Oct 10, · Aristotle’s next move is to give a name to his possible supreme good: the name εὐδαιμονία is badly but inevitably translated by happiness, badly because it includes both the notion of behaving well and the notion of faring well.
Politics (Dover Thrift Editions) [Aristotle, Benjamin Jowett] on feelthefish.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What is the relationship of the individual to the state? What is the ideal state, and how can it bring about the most desirable life for its citizens?
What sort of education should it provide? What is the purpose of amassing wealth? The meaning of physics in Aristotle. It is a collection of treatises or lessons that deal with the most general (philosophical) principles of natural or moving things, both living and non-living, rather than physical theories (in the modern sense) or investigations of the particular contents of the universe.