An introduction to the history of globalization

Globalization Updated December History of Globalization While globalization is often referred to as a contemporary or modern phenomenon, globalization can be studied from a historical perspective, by using the historical record spanning many centuries or millennia.

An introduction to the history of globalization

Introduction, Meaning, Definition and History Article shared by: Introduction, Meaning, Definition and History! There is no single globalization. There are several globalizations.

Its avatar is plural, its processes are historical and its outcomes are varying. And, therefore, instead of calling it globalization, we should call it globalizations. Globalization, the world over, does not have a Cakewalk.

Challenges given to it are by no means ordinary. The legacy of this society goes back to the enlightenment era. It was during this era that we developed a modern social thought which believed that the universal community of humankind is in all respects the end of object of the highest moral Endeavour.

Underlying this vision is an assumption that at root the needs and interests of all human beings are universally similar. Such a vision has shaped the emancipatory aspirations of both liberalism and Marxism, which have been committed to the eradication of those structures — the state and capitalism respectively deemed to suppress the realization of a cosmopolitan world order based upon liberty, justice and equality for all of humanity.

An introduction to the history of globalization

Society is now changing so fast that globalization seems to be the only alternative for the world. Revolution in information technology and an ever-increasing role of mass media have strengthened the ideology put forward by enlightenment and modernity.

Certainly, there can be little doubt that the world is being re-made around us, that radical changes are under way which may be transforming the fundamental parameters of modern human, social and political existence.

There is always a fear that the nation-state would lose its identity and importance. And, who knows, the state itself would die. There is yet another fear that the gap between the rich and the poor would increase. It is also argued that globalization is nothing short of a cultural bombardment on the developing countries by the western modernity — capitalism, industrialism and the nation-state system.

And, the supporters of globalization — its intellectual lobby, keep on threatening as Fukuyama would say — there is end of history; there is no alternative to capitalism, since socialism has collapsed.

And again, to quote a line of Bob Dylan: Let us explore globalization from the perspective of sociology. Any discussion on globalization — its meaning and content — should necessarily begin with Roland Robertson, who could be said to be father of globalization.

It is here that Robertson for the first time explained the concept of globalization. He says in his introduction: S or Europe, the culture of a nation-state cannot be global culture because it is homogeneous and integrated.

Global culture is, therefore, necessarily trans-societal culture which takes a variety of forms which have preceded the inter-state relations into which nation-states can be regarded as being embedded, and processes which sustain the exchange and flow of goods, people, information, knowledge and images which give rise to communication processes which gain sane autonomy on a global level.

Robertson refers to political upheavals, which took place at the world level in the beginning of The shaking events, which took place in China, the U.Globalization is an historical process that began with the first movement of people out of Africa into other parts of the world.

Traveling short or long distances, migrants, merchants and others have delivered their ideas, customs and products to new lands. Issue 1: Summer Globalization Updated December History of Globalization.

While globalization is often referred to as a contemporary or modern phenomenon, globalization can be studied from a historical perspective, by using the historical record spanning many centuries or millennia.

Presenting globalization in accessible language as a multifaceted process encompassing global, regional, and local aspects of social life, this VSI looks at its causes and effects, examines whether it is a new phenomenon, and explores the question of whether, ultimately, globalization is a good or a bad thing.

1. Globalization: a contested concept; 2. Globalization and history: is globalization a new phenomenon? 3. The economic dimension of globalization; 4. The political dimension of globalization; 5. The cultural dimension of globalization; 6.

The ecological dimension of globalization; 7. Introduction Globalization is an ongoing process integrating economies, industries, markets, cultures, societies and policies around the world.

Whether globalization is good or bad is a question that people around the globe are constantly debating over. Moments and forces of expansion mark the major turning points and landmarks in the history of globalization 1.

c BCE: Chandragupta Maurya becomes a Buddhist and combines the expansive powers of a world religion, trade economy, and imperial armies for the first time.

Globalization and history: is globalization a new phenomenon? - Very Short Introductions