A nighttime look at 52nd Street, former hotbed of jazz, circa
Check new design of our homepage! Flash from the Past - Jazz Music in the s The radio and phonograph had entered most of the American homes during the 20s. That essentially spread one of the biggest American musical movements to date.
Although under-appreciated today, jazz was 'the' music to listen to, when it came about. Melodyful Staff Last Updated: Feb 22, Better quality radios and phonographs, along with events like the prohibition of liquor, increase in the number of speakeasies and prominent changes in the music industry, contributed to the popularity of jazz music in many ways.
The Beginning of Jazz The origins can be traced back to the nineteenth century, when African-American musicians started experimenting with European musical instruments in their own distinct style. The s were the most glorious years for this genre of music. The decade also witnessed the rise of many independent Indie record companies.
The Indie companies started recording with jazz groups, which helped the genre reach wider masses, and led to its popularity during that decade.
Jazz dance form was also developed during this period. Jazz bands began to mushroom all around the United States, and became very popular with the middle and upper class Americans, despite racism being prevalent during that period.
There were skeptics who considered jazz music and its respective artists to be some sort of a threat, because jazz was very different from everything that they had heard till then. It reflected the drastic alternate changes taking place in society, where African-Americans were more powerful, women voted, and people had surplus time to perform, listen, and experiment with music.
The Harlem Renaissance and the jazz era was majorly influenced by the African-Americans, and the genre undoubtedly helped these people get acceptance in society through their talent. This era also reflected an eclectic mix of jazz, fashion and movies, all in co-ordinance with each other.
These artists were some of the most popular ones around. The actual list of great s' jazz musicians is incredibly long. Most of the recognized musicians played in famous bands like the King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band, instead of going solo.
However, many artists later parted ways with bands like Louis Armstrong, who played cornet for the Creole Jazz Band, and spearheaded the New Orleans Jazz, later decided to perform solo.
In the s, jazz bands were made up of three voices and a rhythm section. The voices consisted of a cornet, clarinet and the trombone, which were prominent jazz instruments. Some of the noted musicians during these times are listed here.
A mentor to Louis Armstrong in his early days, King Oliver was a prominent protagonist of the jazz scene in the s. Oliver initially played the trombone, but eventually transitioned into playing the cornet, and how! His band showcased some of the greatest musicians this era ever witnessed.
Oliver on the cornet, Bill Johnson on the bass, Johnny Dodds on the clarinet, and Baby Dodds on the drums, certainly proved their mettle by totally bringing it with their compositions. His brief stint with Louis Armstrong marked a popular presence, and his band was recognized as the New Orleans Jazz.
A renowned jazz trombonist of his time, his band featured young underground and talented musicians, that included King Oliver, Sidney Bechet and Johnny Dodds amongst many others.
He was acknowledged as the fore-runner of the first African-American band that recorded the first jazz set featuring Ory's Creole Trombone and Society Blues. Kid Ory successfully retired in and had gained a number of accolades during his time.
He also collaborated with most of the famous jazz artists back then. Finding himself a mentor in Joe King Oliver, Armstrong shot to fame as a legendary cornet and trumpet player. A staunch supporter of the Civil Rights Movement in America, Armstrong's skills were renowned all over with the fact of him being the best jazz soloist of his time.
His wife, Lil Hardin, also a famous jazz pianist, urged him to join Fletcher Henderson, who ran the show at that time in major dance balls across New York, and had collaborated with the likes of Don Redman and Benny Carter.
A pioneer in scat singing includes vocal concoctions with random wordsLouis Armstrong set behind a legacy and was duly recognized for it. Duke Ellington's presence in the s was prominent, and he led an eventful career as an established composer of the 20th century.
His band, 'The Washingtonians' were regular performers at Club Hollywood, which later changed to Club Kentucky, and the venue was a host for jazz lovers and the swing scene. The band's performance of their famous 'Jungle Nights' show was acknowledged well, and the band escalated to a permanent venue at the 'Cotton Club' - a major place for jazz performances.
Jazz fans from all over flocked to Ellington's performances in huge numbers, and he gained popular recognition for his compositions that came through the years ahead. Beiderbecke was a pioneer in bringing about the jazz ballad genre, and his takes on 'Singin The Blues' and 'I'm Coming Virginia' were received well all over.An an inside joke in the jazz & blues circles goes, "A blues guitarist plays 3 chords in front of thousands of people, and a jazz guitarist plays thousands of chords in front of 3 people." The main focus of jazz music is the dynamics and improvisations of an ensemble, while blues music is usually centered on a single guitar player/vocalist, and the .
By , New York had replaced Chicago as the center of the jazz world. For a brief spell, Kansas City looked like a contender, but that city couldn’t hold on to its talent. By , New York had replaced Chicago as the center of the jazz world.
For a brief spell, Kansas City looked like a contender, but that city couldn’t hold on to its talent.
But after World War II, jazz evolved throughout the decades, and following a decline in popularity in Chicago, many musicians relocated to New York City, which was quickly becoming the new epicenter of jazz. Start studying History of Jazz. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
From New Orleans. Also Chicago and NY Jazz trumpeter and singer. King of Jazz. Was the first great improvisor. Considered one of the most important voices in jazz since Louis Armstrong. Benny Goodman. 1st white bandleader to. New York most likely became the center of jazz because a.
Tin Pan Alley pushed song marketing to new heights During the s the image of jazz was solidified as a legitimate art form because.
b. jazz developments in New Orleans and Chicago c. the necessity for assembly lines and automobiles d. all of the above. The development .